Methods: Women of unknown HIV status completed a questionnaire about pregnancy intentions and contraceptive use and then received HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT). Women who were HIV-positive and not pregnant were enrolled and followed for 1 year while receiving HIV care and access to family planning (FP) services.
Results: Before receiving their HIV test results, 33% of women reported a desire to have future children; this declined to 15% 1 week later (P¬†< 0.0001) and remained constant throughout follow-up. Contraceptive use increased from 38% before HIV testing to 52% 1 week later (P¬†< 0.0001) and then decreased to 46% by 12 months. The pregnancy incidence among women not reporting a desire to have future children after¬†VCT¬†was less than half of the incidence among women reporting this desire.
Conclusions: With knowledge of their HIV-positive status, women were less likely to desire future pregnancies. Pregnancy incidence was lower among women not desiring future children. Integration of VCT, FP, and HIV care could prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission.